Research Group Leader – MPI for Biology of Ageing
Dr. Joris Deelen
MPI for Biology of Ageing
Advancing age is a major risk factor for chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration and, since the mean life expectancy is still increasing, we face massive challenges from the social and economic costs of diseases associated with aging. Therefore, we should focus on approaches aimed at identification of mechanisms that compress morbidity and thereby contribute to healthy aging.
Our research: In our group, we use two different approaches to find out why some people age more healthily than others. The first approach is identification of the genetic mechanisms underlying healthy aging and extended lifespan in humans. We are therefore investigating the effect of common genetic variants identified using large-scale genetic association studies (GWAS) of healthy aging and of rare genetic variants that are unique to long-lived families on the functioning of pathways implicated in aging and/or aging-related diseases. The second approach is identification of biomarkers of healthy aging. To this end, we use data from large-scale international collaborations of human studies. Moreover, we are testing the utility of these biomarkers in clinical settings using the cohorts available within Cologne.
Our goals: Our research is focused on three main aims:
Our successes: In our most recent effort to identify novel genetic variants influencing healthy aging, we combined large GWAS using different age-related phenotypes (i.e. healthspan, parental lifespan, and extended lifespan). We identified several genetic variants, influencing many different genes and pathways, associated with healthy aging. These variants will now be taken forward to functional studies. Moreover, we recently identified a set of 14 metabolic biomarkers that are predictive of future mortality and will now test the clinical utility of these biomarkers.
Our methods/techniques: We use different model organisms (i.e. fruit flies and mice) and cellular models to study the functional effect of genetic variants associated with healthy aging. To introduce the variants into the cell lines and animals we make use of the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Moreover, we use blood samples from elderly individuals (≥65 years of age) to identify and validate biomarkers of healthy aging.
Figure 1: Manhattan plot showing the association of genetic variants with the healthy ageing phenotype based on healthspan, parental lifespan, and extended lifespan (adapted from Timmers et al. 2020).